Eingang zum Volltext in OPUS
Hinweis zum Urheberrecht
Dissertation zugänglich unter
Selected Issues Concerning Life Satisfaction : Measuring Non-Pecuniary Gains and Losses with Panel Data of the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP)
Ausgewählte Aspekte zum Thema Lebenszufriedenheit : Schätzung nicht-pekuniärer Gewinne und Verluste mittels Paneldaten des Sozio-oekonomischen Panels (SOEP)
Dokument 1.pdf (1.047 KB)
Freie Schlagwörter (Deutsch):
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch):
happiness , unemployment , adaption , weekend neurosis , Fukushima nuclear accident
Maennig, Wolfgang (Prof. Dr.)
Tag der mündlichen Prüfung:
Kurzfassung auf Englisch:
The following dissertation, titled “Selected Issues Concerning Life Satisfaction: Measuring Non-Pecuniary Gains and Losses with Panel Data of the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP),” is part of the growing field of happiness research.
The first article, “Becoming (Un)employed and Life Satisfaction: Asymmetric Effects and Potentially Omitted Variable Bias in Empirical Happiness Studies”, belongs to the field of labor economics.
Abstract: Becoming unemployed has negative effects on life satisfaction; a transition from unemployment to employment, however, has stronger positive effects in absolute terms. The asymmetry of the non-pecuniary effect indicates a potential “omitted variable bias” in previous empirical happiness studies.
The second article, titled “(Un)employment Track and Life Satisfaction: Habituation to (Un)employment?,” deals with the issue of adaptation processes in the labor market.
Abstract: Becoming unemployed respectively employed has asymmetric effects on life satisfaction. Hence, the present study questions whether there are indications of potential habituation effects to unemployment or employment on life satisfaction. The transitions to employment or to unemployment are therefore splitted by continuous unemployment duration respectively continuous employment duration. Estimating first differences models for the full sample shows constant effects with increasing duration of past unemployment, but there is evidence for habituation regarding previous periods of employment. Further analysis shows, that habituation to employment is particularly important for men. Men with a medium educational background also show systematic adaption to employment, but only women with the same educational level adapt completely. In addition, the study reveals slight evidence for adaption to unemployment on life satisfaction for women with a medium level of education, but the effects are of non-systematic nature.
The third article “Rhythms and Cycles in Happiness” investigates time-dependent rhythms in happiness.
Abstract: This study analyses time-dependent rhythms in happiness in three aspects. We show that the Sunday neurosis exists exclusively for men with a medium level of education and both men and women with high levels of education. Men with high levels of education may even experience a weekend neurosis. This study is the first to test for intra-monthly rhythms and to demonstrate that men with a lower educational background may suffer from negative effects on happiness towards the end of the month, potentially because of liquidity problems. The study is also the first to demonstrate that happiness exhibits seasonal effects over the annual period, depending on gender and education.
The last article, titled “The Fukushima Accident and Policy Implications: Notes on Public Perception in Germany,” focus on the impact of the Fukushima disaster and the nuclear phase-out in Germany on the subjective perception of individuals.
Abstract: Major nuclear accidents as recently in Fukushima set nuclear power plant security at the top of the public agenda. Using data of the German Socio-Economic Panel we analyze the effects of the Fukushima accident and a subsequent government decision on nuclear power phase-out on several measures of subjective perception in Germany. We find that the Fukushima accident increases the probability to report greater worries about the environment. Furthermore, we find evidence for a decrease in the probability to be very worried about the security of nuclear power plants following the government’s resolution on nuclear phase-out. Finally we find that the probabilities of reporting very high concerns are related to the distance between the respondents’ place of residence and the nearest nuclear power station.