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Dissertation zugänglich unter
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:18-47625
URL: http://ediss.sub.uni-hamburg.de/volltexte/2010/4762/


Insertionsmutagenese in retroviral transduzierten murinen haematopoetischen Stammzellen nach serieller Knochenmarktransplantation

Insertional mutagenesis in retrovirally transduced murine hematopoetic stem cells after serial transduced bone marrow transplantation

Keudell, Gottfried von

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Basisklassifikation: 44.86
Institut: Medizin
DDC-Sachgruppe: Medizin, Gesundheit
Dokumentart: Dissertation
Hauptberichter: Fehse, Boris (Prof. Dr.)
Sprache: Deutsch
Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 25.05.2010
Erstellungsjahr: 2009
Publikationsdatum: 21.09.2010
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Using a long-term serial bone marrow transplantation assay we have recently observed that retroviral gene marking may result in both benign clonal dominance as well as malignant transformation of single cell clones. The growth advantage of dominant clones has been attributed to insertional mutagenesis, i.e. transcriptional dys-regulation of key growth-regulatory genes due to near-by vector insertions. In order to investigate the physiological role of the CD34 antigen we have of recent performed an analogous serial bone marrow transplantation assay with retroviral vectors encoding murine full-length or truncated CD34 or, as control, eGFP followed by BM transplantation with long-term follow-up. Therefore, 6 animals were serially transplanted for each of the three transgene groups according to our previously published protocol. Similarly to our earlier results, in long-term repopulating bone marrow stem cells we found insertions into genes shown to be involved in cell cycle regulation and stem cell self-renewal such as a Core-binding factor Ą group member (CbfĄ2t3h), runt-related Runx3, Ras p21 protein activator 4 (RasA4), Hematopoietically expressed homeobox (Hhex) or FBJ Osteosarcoma Oncogene B (Fosb). We detected common insertion sites (CIS) within the three groups, but also within the much larger insertional dominance database (IDDb). However, despite the small group size some differences in insertion site patterns were noted for the different transgenes requiring further investigation. It is therefore tempting to speculate that common features as well as differences in insertion pattern of retroviral vectors expressing different transgenes may allow investigating the mutual influence of retroviral vector insertion sites (RVIS), transgenes and host factors during insertional mutagenesis.

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