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Dissertation zugänglich unter
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:18-50478
URL: http://ediss.sub.uni-hamburg.de/volltexte/2011/5047/


Untersuchungen zur zeitlichen Dynamik der übungsabhängigen strukturellen Plastizität des Gehirns

Changes in gray matter induced by learning-Revisited

Driemeyer, Joenna

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 Dokument 1.pdf (805 KB) 


SWD-Schlagwörter: Neuronale Plastizität , Lernen , Jonglieren
Freie Schlagwörter (Deutsch): Voxel-basierte Morphometrie
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): plasticity , voxel based morphometry , learning , juggling , exercise
Basisklassifikation: 44.90
Institut: Medizin
DDC-Sachgruppe: Medizin, Gesundheit
Dokumentart: Dissertation
Hauptberichter: May, Arne (Prof. Dr.)
Sprache: Deutsch
Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 08.12.2010
Erstellungsjahr: 2010
Publikationsdatum: 06.04.2011
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Recently, activation-dependant structural brain plasticity in humans has been demonstrated in adults after three months of training a visio-motor skill. Learning three-ball cascade juggling was associated with a transient and highly selective increase in brain gray matter in the occipito-temporal cortex comprising the motion sensitive area hMT/V5 bilaterally. However, the exact time-scale of usage-dependant structural changes occur is still unknown. A better understanding of the temporal parameters may help to elucidae to what extent this type of cortical plasticity contributes to fast adapting cortical processes that may be relevant to learning. Using a 3 tesla scanner and monitoring whole brain structure we repeated and extended our original study in 20 healthy adult volunteers, focussing on the temporal aspects of the structural changes and investigated whether these changes are performance or exercise dependant. The data confirmed our earlier observation using a conjunction analysis and in addition showed that learning to juggle can alter gray matter in the occipito-temporal cortex as early as after 7 days of training. Neither performance nor exercise alone could explain there changes. We suggesr that the qualitative change (i.e. learning of a new task) is more critical for the brain to change its structure than simple training of this task once learned.

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