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Dissertation zugänglich unter
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:18-65104
URL: http://ediss.sub.uni-hamburg.de/volltexte/2013/6510/


Development of a Biological Ventricular Assist Device : Preliminary Data From a Small Animal Model

Entwicklung eines biologischen Herzunterstützungssystems

Yildirim, Yalin

Originalveröffentlichung: (2013) Circulation
pdf-Format:
 Dokument 1.pdf (1.496 KB) 


Freie Schlagwörter (Deutsch): Tissue engineering , Myokard , Herzinsuffizienz , Kardiomyozyten
Basisklassifikation: 44.38
Institut: Medizin
DDC-Sachgruppe: Medizin, Gesundheit
Dokumentart: Dissertation
Hauptberichter: Eschenhagen, Thomas (Prof. Dr.)
Sprache: Englisch
Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 09.09.2013
Erstellungsjahr: 2013
Publikationsdatum: 09.12.2013
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: Engineered heart tissue (EHT) can be generated from cardiomyocytes and extracellular matrix proteins and used to repair local heart muscle defects in vivo. Here, we hypothesized that pouch-like heart muscle constructs can be generated by using a novel EHT-casting technology and applied as heart-embracing cardiac grafts in vivo. Pouch-like EHTs (inner/outer diameter: 10/12 mm) can be generated mainly from neonatal rat heart cells, collagen type I, and serum containing culture medium. They contain a dense network of connexin 43 interconnected cardiomyocytes and an endo-/epicardial surface lining composed of prolylhydroxylase positive cells.Pouch-like EHTs beat spontaneously and show contractile properties of native heart muscle including positive inotropic responses to calcium and isoprenaline. First implantation studies indicate that pouch-like EHTs can be slipped over uninjured adult rat hearts to completely cover the left and right ventricles. Fourteen days after implantation, EHT-grafts stably covered the epicardial surface of the respective hearts. Engrafted EHTs were composed of matrix and differentiated cardiac muscle as well as newly formed vessels which were partly donor-derived.Pouch-like EHTs can be generated with structural and functional properties of native myocardium. Implantation studies demonstrated their applicability as cardiac muscle grafts, setting the stage for an evaluation of EHT-pouches as biological ventricular assist devices in vivo.

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