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Dissertation zugänglich unter
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:18-66627
URL: http://ediss.sub.uni-hamburg.de/volltexte/2014/6662/


Nonlinear Dynamics and Predictability in a Global Circulation Model of the Atmosphere

Nichtlineare Dynamik und Vorhersagbarkeit in einem globalen Zirkulationsmodell der Atmosphäre

Schalge, Bernd

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 Dokument 1.pdf (1.527 KB) 
zip gepackt:
 Appendix.zip (67,126 KB) 


SWD-Schlagwörter: Nichtlineare Dynamik , Vorhersagbarkeit , Atmosphäre
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch): Nonlinear Dynamics , Atmospheric Model , Predictability
Basisklassifikation: 38.81 , 38.82 , 38.84 , 30.20
Institut: Geowissenschaften
DDC-Sachgruppe: Geowissenschaften
Dokumentart: Dissertation
Hauptberichter: Fraedrich, Klaus (Prof. Dr.)
Sprache: Englisch
Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 20.12.2013
Erstellungsjahr: 2013
Publikationsdatum: 20.03.2014
Kurzfassung auf Englisch: This study analyses the predictability of a global atmospheric circulation model in a dynamical systems framework. Error growth is evaluated by calculating global Lyapunov exponents for varying model setups in terms of resolution and driving temperature forcing. A clear relation between the forcing, the resolution and predictability is found. The global assessment is expanded toward a localised evaluation as finite time Lyapunov exponents are calculated. The fluctuations of these exponents are almost Gaussian distributed and there exists a non negligible probability to observe negative error growth. This is further assessed by linking error growth to the entropy production of dynamical systems. Negative entropy production is conceptually possible in the framework of the fluctuation theorem and the subsequent analysis shows that the fluctuations in error growth are compatible to the laws of the fluctuation theorem. Due to the approximated relation between error growth and entropy production a final proof remains open.

The spatial distribution of error growth and predictability is supported by traditional methods. Eady growth rate and potential vorticity deviations are compared to error growth patterns and similarities are found for potential vorticity, while the Eady growth rate analysis offers some different results. Different concepts of instability and predictability may be responsible for the observed results.

Blocking as an example for a possibly predictable atmospheric setup is analysed for correlation with error growth. Local Lyapunov exponents and blocking seem to be not correlated on a global level. Since a local assessment is not possible with the current framework, the connection between blocking and predictability in terms of error growth remains open.

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