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Dissertation zugänglich unter
Polonization of the EU and NATOSocialization after Enlargement
Die Polonisierung der EU und der NATOSozialisierung nach der Erweiterung
Dokument 1.pdf (2.011 KB)
Freie Schlagwörter (Deutsch):
Sozialisierung bottom-up , Praktiken , Mittelmächte
Freie Schlagwörter (Englisch):
socialization bottom-up , practice turn , middle-range powers , doing , living
89.72 , 89.59
Wiener, Antje (Prof. PhD FAcSS)
Tag der mündlichen Prüfung:
Kurzfassung auf Englisch:
The thesis explores the Polish input on organizational foreign policy, precisely on the policy of the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) towards Ukraine. It sheds light on the ever-growing role of middle-range powers within organizations and offers an approach to meaningfully studying their input into broader changes of norms and identities within these international organizations. Focusing on the input of a middle-range power on organizations counters two basic requirements dominating existing literature dealing with socialization processes: the stability of norms, rules and identities, and the asymmetry between socializer (organization) and socializee (state). Going beyond the behaviorist assumption that norms and rules are stable factors and looking from a constructivist standpoint that they are subject to change, socialization is not considered as an endpoint but is seen as an ongoing process, also occurring after accession. Focusing on a middle-range power which depends on membership in communities, and more precisely organizations, in order to account for their demand for international influence, the dissertations inspects conditions and causes of how Polonization, understood as the input of a middle-range power which comes through a routinized manner of doing, becomes possible. The thesis offers a Polonization model based on doing and living in order to reshape the analytical focus toward the practices of actors and then to take account of the effects. Extending the study of socialization with the notion of practice allows investigating the Polish input. The thesis builds on the presumption that what an agent does relates to ideational structures like norms, interests or identity and how he does relates to the practices in play. Building on Michel De Certeau’s distinction of practices in strategies (prone to powerful institutions or generally said agents who establish a structure) and tactics (the use of strategies by agents) bring in the creative moment of redefinition of strategies. The thesis reveals that socialization occurs in two steps: the doing, with a strong analytical emphasis on the reflexive, practical process; and the living bringing back the conventional constructivist assumptions in order to analyze the organizational use of the ‘uploaded’ concepts and effects of the process.
By the use of content analysis the empirical part explores first, the doings and practices which existed before Poland’s accession to the organizations. Then, in a second empirical step, the thesis focuses from a macro-perspective (1999-2011) and from a micro-perspective (case studies) on the doings and practices which occurred after Poland became full member of the organizations. The thesis unveils that Poland had been able to upload its ideas and interests on organizational levels on different occasions, changing the organizational interplay between norms, identities and practices. But the guiding question of this thesis carried the analysis further by focusing on causes and conditions of the process. Respecting the latter allows one to answer how Polonization has been possible. The thesis discloses that Polonization had been possible constrained by, and dependent on, different factors, namely: firstly the power of the actor, secondly the internal and external context and thirdly the constancy of practices. Furthermore, the dissertation elucidated that Polonization had been successful when Poland changed its tactics in the patterns of practice.
On the whole, the thesis contributes meaningfully to the socialization literature by offering a model how to investigate socialization processes after enlargement. It shows that Polonization happens and changes organizational status quos.