|Titel:||Antigen Cross-Presentation by Murine Proximal Tubular Epithelial Cells Induces Cytotoxic and Inflammatory CD8+ T Cells||Sonstige Titel:||Antigen Kreuz-Präsentation durch Murine Proximale Tubulusepithelzellen Induziert Cytotoxische und Inflammatorische CD8+ T Zellen||Sprache:||Englisch||Autor*in:||Linke, Alexandra||Schlagwörter:||antigen cross-presentation; cytotoxic CD8+ T cells; lupus nephritis; proximal tubular epithelial cells; apoptosis; Antigen Kreuz-Präsentation; Zytotoxische CD8+ T Zellen; Lupusnephritis; Proximale Tubulusepithelzellen; Apoptose||Erscheinungsdatum:||2022||Tag der mündlichen Prüfung:||2023-02-28||Zusammenfassung:||
During glomerulonephritis (GN), T cells infiltrate the kidney and accumulate mainly in the tubulointerstitium close to proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs). Different T cell subsets were shown to have either a pro-inflammatory or an immune-regulatory role in GN. The role of PTECs as kidney-intrinsic cells in GN pathology is less clear. PTECs were shown to be non-professional antigen presenting cells (APCs) in the kidney, expressing proteins connected with antigen presentation, such as MHC-II, CD74 and the co-stimulatory molecules CD80 and CD86 and presented exogenous antigen to CD4+ T cells via MHC-II, thereby activating them and leading to pro-inflammatory cytokine expression in CD4+ T cells (Breda et al. 2019). If PTECs are able to cross-present exogenous antigen via MHC-I, thereby leading to CD8+ T cell activation, is less clear. This study analyzes the capacity of PTECs for antigen cross-presentation in in vitro co-culture experiments with OVA-specific CD8+ T cells using OVA as antigen. Gene and protein expression analysis showed that PTECs express proteins crucial for antigen cross-presentation, such as the MR, the transport channel Sec61, the ATPase VCP, LMP7, a subunit of the immunoproteasome, and TAP transporters. Moreover, using MR- and clathrin-inhibitors, this study reveals that PTECs internalize antigen via MR-dependent endocytosis. CD8+ T cells were co-cultured with PTECs, LSECs as non-professional APCs from liver or DCs as professional APCs and the phenotype of CD8+ T cells was analyzed after 2.5 and 5 days of co-culture. After 2.5 days, all three APC types induced T cell activation, proliferation and expression of pro-inflammatory and cytotoxicity-associated molecules. After 5 days, the phenotype of DC- and PTEC-activated CD8+ T cells was similar to the phenotype after 2.5 days, whereas LSEC-activated CD8+ T cells did not proliferate, lost IL-2 expression and showed strongly reduced expression of IFNγ or GzmB. Consequently, while LSECs contribute to a tolerogenic phenotype of CD8+ T cells via antigen cross-presentation, PTECs induce inflammation and cytotoxicity. A cytotoxicity assay showed that PTEC-activated CD8+ T cells exerted cytotoxic function by killing allogeneic target cells. Pre-treatment of PTECs with the LMP7 inhibitor ONX 0914 reduced CD8+ T cell activation by PTECs. Moreover, proteasomal subunit expression analysis and the use of ABPs revealed that PTECs use both the immunoproteasome and the constitutive proteasome for antigen cross-presentation. CD8/ CD3 staining of renal tissue showed mainly tubulointerstitial and only minor intraglomerular CD8+ T cell accumulation in murine lupus nephritis. Apoptotic cell death was analyzed in nephritic kidneys of pristane-treated mice and showed especially TECs to be apoptotic. The absence of CD8+ T cells in Cd8-/- mice resulted in reduced apoptosis of TECs. In MRL-lpr mice lacking the Fas/FasL pathway for induction of cell death, the number of apoptotic cells was reduced compared to control mice. In a nutshell, this study depicts PTECs to be potent antigen cross-presenters, thereby inducing inflammatory and cytotoxic CD8+ T cells. Moreover, CD8+ T cells are shown to mediate induction of tubular apoptosis in murine lupus nephritis.
|Enthalten in den Sammlungen:||Elektronische Dissertationen und Habilitationen|
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geprüft am 31.03.2023
geprüft am 31.03.2023