Titel: Cultivation of Cryopreserved Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells - A New Approach to Maintaining Dental Pulp Tissue
Sprache: Englisch
Autor*in: Wang, Wang
Erscheinungsdatum: 2023
Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 2023-08-28
Human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) are multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) that are capable of self-renewal with multilineage differentiation potential. After being cryopreserved, hDPSCs were reported to maintain a high level of proliferation and multi-differentiation abilities. In order to optimize cryopreservation techniques, decrease storage requirements and lower contam-ination risks, the feasibility of new whole-tooth cryopreservation and its effects on hDPSCs were tested. The survival rates, morphology, proliferation rates, cell activity, surface antigens and dif-ferentiation abilities of hDPSCs isolated from fresh teeth were compared with those of one-month cryopreserved teeth in 5% and 10% DMSO. The data of the present study indicated that the new cryopreservation approach did not reduce the capabilities or stemness of hDPSCs, with the excep-tion that it extended the first appearance time of hDPSCs in the teeth that were cryopreserved in 10% DMSO, and reduced their recovery rate. With the novel strategy of freezing, the hDPSCs still ex-pressed the typical surface markers of MSCs and maintained excellent proliferation capacity. Three consecutive weeks of osteogenic and adipogenic induction also showed that the expression of the key genes in hDPSCs, including lipoprotein lipase (LPL), peroxisome proliferator-activated recep-tor-γ (PPAR-γ), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), type I collagen (COL I) and osteocalcin (OSC) was not affected, indicating that their differentiation abili-ties remained intact, which are crucial parameters for hDPSCs as cell-therapy candidates. These results demonstrated that the new cryopreservation method is low-cost and effective for the good preservation of hDPSCs without compromising cell performance, and can provide ideas and evi-dence for the future application of stem-cell therapies and the establishment of dental banks.
URL: https://ediss.sub.uni-hamburg.de/handle/ediss/10459
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:18-ediss-111848
Dokumenttyp: Dissertation
Betreuer*in: Beikler, Thomas
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:Elektronische Dissertationen und Habilitationen

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