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Titel: Family as Normative System: An Examination of the Effects of Parent-Child Obligations on Helping Behavior
Sonstige Titel: Familieals normatives System: eine Untersuchung der Wirkung von Eltern-Kind-Verpflichtungen auf die Hilfsbereitschaft
Sprache: Englisch
Autor*in: Niroobakhsh, Mahmood
Erscheinungsdatum: 2008
Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 2009-12-16
The scope of this study is to get knowledge about the relationship between norms and helping behavior.
Norms in the context of the family system refer to parent-child obligations and role behavior. In
subsequent, this scope necessitates understanding the extent of family’s commitment to its normative
arrangements and the way in which fulfillment of norms affect helping behavior as part of family life
that is subject to request under varying conditions. Following this idea, research questions address the
extent of impact of each normative aspect on helping behavior and the way other relevant aspects such
as privacy and family solidarity may take effect. In order to empirically deal with the problem, survey
methodology is the best way to yield the maximum findings. In addition, since the focal point of this
project is on the relationships of family members, an analysis grounded in rational choice theory
provides knowledge about the normative actions of family and the consequent social outcomes. In
sequence, findings indicate in a theory developed by G. S. Becker, obligation of feeling at the collective
level serves as an input factor in the production of helping behavior. At the individual level, parentchild
obligations of attitude and material need are variant by family position as part of division of labor
at home as well as instrumental reasoning. These fulfillments will eventually provide utility of positive
relations with friends and relatives. In another theory developed by D. Chong, obligations of feeling
and attitude are part of rationality that parents have acquired in the past as a variety of values, while
parents are concerned about attitude its only the mothers who show this concern when the data is
separated. These values are taken into account when determining helping behavior. Although role
behavior is widely practiced by parents, interdependent social factors at home and at work predispose
only employed mothers to helping behavior. In so doing, mothers in general and employed mothers
specifically are mainly responsible for the organization of life at home and have more opportunity to
coordinate relationships with familiar others. Role identity, which predominantly emerges after
marriage, increases informed knowledge of one’s role but is not the reason to involve in helping
behavior. Empirical evidence also indicates that married parents versus non-married parents have
conspicuous understanding of a given role. Family members may also request solidarity upon those
affairs which they cannot afford personally. Fulfillment of one’s obligation of feeling by members is
positively related to family solidarity. In other words, those who have internalized values and beliefs
about one’s obligations of feeling will also take actions which are beneficial to other members, but the
relation between obligation and solidarity varies upon one’s position. Finally, the above relationships
take place at home where affairs are under the influence of normative arrangements like availability of
amenities. An analysis of effects of levels of access to housing amenities on privacy shows that, there is
no firm impact on dimensions of privacy. The amenities as resources also have no effects on solidarity.
URL: https://ediss.sub.uni-hamburg.de/handle/ediss/2869
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:18-44315
Dokumenttyp: Dissertation
Betreuer*in: Eichner, Klaus (Prof. Dr.)
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:Elektronische Dissertationen und Habilitationen

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