|Titel:||Refugee Flow: A Law and Economics approach||Sprache:||Englisch||Autor*in:||Veshi, Denard||Schlagwörter:||refugee flow; migration costs; refugee impact; 1951 convention; eu asylum law||Erscheinungsdatum:||2020||Tag der mündlichen Prüfung:||2020-11-19||Zusammenfassung:||
This research aims to analyse refugee flow through a law and economics lens. This study offers a short historical overview of the creation of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees by examining some of these events utilizing law and economics methods. In addition, a law and economics model is applied, based on the idea that refugees, as well as national states, might aim to maximize their net benefits. Some of the most important variables that impact the refugee decision- making process are then explored as well as the most important “push” factors that impact lawmakers in enacting and modifying refugee laws (e.g. protection of national security and the safeguarding of the national job market). Afterwards, the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees is discussed, delving into the main factors for its ratification and compliance by national parliaments by reflecting upon the historical context surrounding its ratification, the importance of the construction of a state based on democratic values, and the fact that this international treaty is considered a non-consequential treaty which also incorporates some of the flexible clauses, such as reservation, denunciation and escape clauses. Then brought forth is a study of the economic advantages and disadvantages of a centralized supernational asylum law (acquis communautaire) that may result in the elimination of competition between legal orders in refugee law and the removal of negative externalities caused by “asylum shopping”. To reach the goal established in Article 5 of the Treaty on European Union, the need for harmonization of asylum standards is examined through the application of an economic approach. Specifically, the economic methodology is used to investigate the application of the subsidiarity principle by considering some of the most important economic criteria for both centralisation and decentralisation and by applying the findings to the asylum law. In particular, this proposal looks at the Tiebout model, the problem of the “race to the bottom”, the reduction of transaction costs, and the importance of the protection of refugee human rights. These theories are commonly used in cases with a transboundary nature, which produces [negative] international externalities. To sum up, international refugee law will be critically analysed through a multidisciplinary approach. The principal goal is to explore the “demand” and “supply” of the “refugee law market” through the lens of the law and economics approach but with the context of human rights. After explaining the evolution of the human rights approach by incorporating law and economics insights, this scientific work elaborates on the main “push” factors that impact on the refugee choice – demand side – and on the public policy – supply side. In the conclusion, some policy suggestions are proposed that considers the national preferences of destination countries and the protection of refugee rights.
|Enthalten in den Sammlungen:||Elektronische Dissertationen und Habilitationen|
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