Titel: Decreased mismatch negativity and elevated frontal-lateral connectivity in first-episode psychosis
Sonstige Titel: Reduzierte Mismatch-Negativität und erhöhte frontal-laterale Konnektivität in erst-episoden Psychosepatienten
Sprache: Englisch
Autor*in: Yüksel, Mahmut Martin
Erscheinungsdatum: 2021
Tag der mündlichen Prüfung: 2022-09-13
Zusammenfassung: 
Decreased mismatch negativity (MMN) is a proposed biomarker for psychotic disorders. However, the magnitude of the effect appears to be attenuated in first-episode populations. Furthermore, how mismatch negativity amplitudes are related to brain connectivity in this population is unclear. In this study, we used high-density EEG to record duration-deviant MMN from 22 patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and 23 age-matched controls (HC). Consistent with past work, we found decreased MMN amplitude in FEP over a large area of the frontal scalp. We also found decreased latency over the occipital scalp. MMN amplitude was negatively correlated with antipsychotic dose. We used Granger causality to investigate directional connectivity between frontal, midline, left, and right scalp during MMN and found reduced connectivity in FEP compared to HC and following deviant stimuli compared to standard stimuli. FEP participants with smaller decreases in connectivity from standard to deviant stimuli had worse disorganization symptoms. On the other hand, connectivity from the front of the scalp following deviant stimuli was relatively preserved in FEP compared to controls. Our results suggest that a relative imbalance of bottom-up and top-down perceptual processing is present in the early stages of psychotic disorders.
URL: https://ediss.sub.uni-hamburg.de/handle/ediss/9826
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:18-ediss-103365
Dokumenttyp: Dissertation
Betreuer*in: Leicht, Gregor
Enthalten in den Sammlungen:Elektronische Dissertationen und Habilitationen

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